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candle making

How To

How to make a palm pillar candle

At Aussie Candles we are dedicated to offering the best products at the best prices, BUT NOT at the expense of any living creature or the environment. We have sourced and partnered with a member of the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil. This organization was founded by the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) and heads of government and industry involved in palm cultivation. The RSPO was founded to develop and define best practices for sustainable palm cultivation, and then help member organizations to implement and verify the procedures.
We are very proud to offer this product to our customers as a sustainable, non-genetically modified alternative to other waxes.

Palm wax is an all-natural, renewable resource that is obtained from the oil palm in well managed and regulated estates. Due to its environmentally friendly attributes, palm wax offers a whole new choice for candle makers who market sustainable or renewable resource based extensions to their candle lines. The oil palm produces fruit in bunches which are harvested and sent to palm oil mills to undergo extraction, sterilization, clarification and purification. The crude oil is then sent to palm oil refineries where it is processed further into products such as cooking oil, shortening, cocoa butter substitutes, non-dairy creamers, soaps, and of course everybody’s favorite – Palm Wax.

Palm wax is a superb material for making excellent candles. It resists melting in hot summer months, has high contraction (making de-moulding easier), takes colours easily, holds fragrance well, and best of all, can be easily manipulated to produce an infinite array of surface patterns ranging from complex crystalline designs to smooth solid colours . Palm waxes blend well with other waxes to further expand your possibilities.

Using palm wax is very similar to traditional candle making techniques except there are no additives required other than fragrance and coloring.

The crystal formations that can be achieved are greatly influenced by the pouring temperature and rate of cooling. By adjusting these variables slightly, you can create a wonderful array of crystal formations. The ideal pouring temperature is between 92° and 95° c. Going above the temperature will actually decrease the crystal formations to achieve a smooth solid colour. Pouring below these temperatures may make it harder to de-mold or cause deformations. Aluminum moulds work best for producing crystals as well as slowing the rate of cooling.

Palm candles emit fragrance quite nicely. Usually candle makers will use 5-6% fragrance loads to start for a nicely scented candle that does not “sweat”. Some scents may be used at higher levels, but it is up to the candle maker to push the levels on a case-by-case basis. Essential oils also work well, but they must be tested on an individual basis depending on strength and type of oil.

Colouring your palm candles is achieved with most oil soluble dyes. We suggest trying our dye blocks or concentrated liquid dyes. If using blue shades we recommend using dye blocks as blue based liquid shades produce reactive colour results when fragrance is added and the colour tends to shift away from the crystal structure.. Always start light and gradually go deeper with each colour, so you can master how the contrast affects the colour selection between the darker colors and the lighter candles as compared to the crystalline appearance.


  1. For a small round aluminium mould add 330 gms of wax to a double boiler pot on the stove.  candle-making-temperature-small
  2. When the wax has melted to around 98°C shave some colour into the wax and stirt horoughly.   Keep shaving colour from the block until the desired colour is reached.
  3.  When the wax drops to 96°C add your fragrance and again stir thoroughly.   candle-making-dye-block-small
  4. Push the wick pin up through the centre of the mould and add a little blu-tak around the bottom of the pin to create a better seal.   Warm your mould using a heat gun or place it in the oven briefly.  candle-making-candle-holder-small
  5.  Pour your wax into the mould at 95°C.   candle-making-pouring-small
  6. Place a box over the mould to slow down the cooling process.
  7. Once dry and cool turn the mould upside down and gently press on the wick pin until it pops out of the bottom of the mould.   Pull the wick pin slowly out of the mould and your candle should slide straight out.   Push your pre waxed wick up through the ready made hole in the bottom of the candle.   Make sure you place you candle on a suitable heat proof surface before burning.  candle-making-pin-small
  8.  Cure time is recommended at least 24 hours.candle-making-trim-wick-small
  9. When burning the candle should leave a very thin shell that looks gorgeous.  If your shell is too thick then your wick is too small; adversely if a hole develops in the shell your wick is too big.  Like all candle making palm pillars require individual experimentation.  Different brands of palm, different brands of wicks and also fragrances will cause your candles to perform differently


How To

How to make a paraffin pillar candle

It’s hard to walk past any gift store these days without seeing the word “soy” on the label of most candles. Which is great, we love soy candles, they are our most popular product by far!

But there is a LOT to be said for good ol’ paraffin candles too.

Want to know the real benefits of paraffin wax? Here’s a quick list I’ve put together for you:

  • You can make pretty much any type of candle with paraffin wax
  • Get creative and fill jars, glasses, teacups and tealights, or let them stand alone in their simple beauty in the form of pillars, votives, candlesticks and other moulds
  • It makes for highly fragranced candles with great throw
  • Unlike natural wax, paraffin wax does not frost. This means you can create a consistent appearance, which is great if you want to sell your candles

And another little fun fact? Melted paraffin wax has been used for many decades by doctors, physical therapists and beauty therapists alike for its abilities to provide pain relief and soften skin.

But for now, back to candles. Here is your go-to guide for creating your very own paraffin pillar candle.

What you’ll need:

  • 1 pillar mould
  • Paraffin wax (for a 76x88mm round mould you will need approximately 350g. For a 76x165mm mould you will need approximately 690g. You will also require slightly more wax than when pouring soy, as paraffin needs to be double poured. See our Moulds page for more info on wax measurements
  • 1 double boiler
  • 21mls of your choice of fragrance/essential oil (if making a 76x88mm mould) or 42mls of your choice of fragrance/essential oil (if making a 76x165mm mould)
  • 1 dye block or liquid dye of your choice of colouring
  • 1 stainless steel stirring spoon
  • 1 glass thermometer
  • Cooking oil
  • 1 mould wick pin
  • 1 small piece of Blu-tack


  1. On a scale, measure out your wax depending on the size of mould that you are using (see measurement notes above).
  2. Fill the bottom part of your double boiler with water until it sits about halfway up your pouring jug.
  3. Place your wax in the upper pan of the double boiler on the stove. Because paraffin has a high melt point, this is the easiest and quickest method to melt the wax.
  4. Insert your thermometer in to the upper pan. You’ll find that the wax will start melting at around 62°C. candle-making-temperature-small
  5. While the wax is melting, prepare your mould (but keep an eye on the temperature as at 95° you’ll need to add your fragrance and colour). Lightly spray or wipe the inside of your mould with cooking oil. (You can skip this step if you find your candles are easy to remove and not sticking to the mould)
  6. Insert the mould pin up through the hole in the bottom of the mould. Once your candle dries, the bottom of the mould will become the top of the candle. INSERT PHOTO
  7. Because mould wick pins are self-centering, simply wrap a small piece of Blu-tack around the base of the wick pin and push it firmly up into the base of the mould. This will stop any wax from leaking out of the hole in the mould. candle-making-candle-holder-small
  8. Has your wax reached about 95° yet? If so, add your fragrance and colour. With paraffin you can achieve bright, bold and deep colours without adversely affecting the burn (as opposed to soy wax). candle-making-dye-block-small
  9. Allow the wax to cool to between 85-90°, then fill to the top of the mould and keep your remaining wax for the second pour. As your candle cools, you’ll notice it start to sink deeply in the middle. Don’t be alarmed! This is a classic characteristic of paraffin.
  10. Once the candle has completely cooled, reheat your leftover wax, making sure it is 10% hotter than the temperature of your first pour, between 95-100°. This will help minimise any join lines.
  11. Pour your melted wax into the sinkhole of your candle, filling it just to the edge. Try not to over pour, as you don’t want the wax running down the inside of the mould. You can always smooth off the bottom of your candle later on a heat plate. candle-making-pouring-small
  12. Make yourself a cuppa, relax, and wait for your candle to cool (usually about 6 hours). Then, turn the mould over and press firmly down on the spike of the mould pin. Don’t be shy in using quite a bit of pressure to pull the pin out. It should slide straight out, but if you find it difficult to remove put the mould in the freezer for a few minutes to further shrink and release the wax.candle-making-pin-small

Finally, ENJOY! Pillar candles make great centrepieces for table settings. Alternatively, why not tie a piece of twine around it, add a small homemade note and gift it to someone special.

Fragrance & Essential Oils How To

How to work out fragrance load when making candles

Although it seems a little confusing at first it is quite easy to do.

Determine what percentage of fragance you want to start with, between 6-10% of fragrance oil is best.  If using essential oils use a maximum of 6-7%.  Put this figure in the first blank box.

Next measure out how much wax you are going to use for your candles.  (It doesn’t matter if you have a little left over, they make perfect tealights.  Always better to be slightly over than slightly under). Put this figure into the second box of the calculator.

Press calculate and viola!  That is the amount of fragrance you need to use (doesn’t matter if you choose mls or weight for the fragance as long as you stick to one method).

An Example Calculation

8%  of   395 gms of wax   =    31.6 mls of fragrance for 395gms wax

Every fragrance and essential oil will affect your soy wax differently.  You may find one particular scent causes your wax to dry lumpy or ‘curdle’  If this happens drop the scent percentage back and try another candle.  Keep doing this until you strike a balance.  Don’t forget to also experiment with the pour temperature.  Try hotter.

 Percentage Calculator

 what is % of ?