How To

How to make a palm pillar candle

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At Aussie Candles we are dedicated to offering the best products at the best prices, BUT NOT at the expense of any living creature or the environment. We have sourced and partnered with a member of the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil. This organization was founded by the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) and heads of government and industry involved in palm cultivation. The RSPO was founded to develop and define best practices for sustainable palm cultivation, and then help member organizations to implement and verify the procedures.
We are very proud to offer this product to our customers as a sustainable, non-genetically modified alternative to other waxes.

Palm wax is an all-natural, renewable resource that is obtained from the oil palm in well managed and regulated estates. Due to its environmentally friendly attributes, palm wax offers a whole new choice for candle makers who market sustainable or renewable resource based extensions to their candle lines. The oil palm produces fruit in bunches which are harvested and sent to palm oil mills to undergo extraction, sterilization, clarification and purification. The crude oil is then sent to palm oil refineries where it is processed further into products such as cooking oil, shortening, cocoa butter substitutes, non-dairy creamers, soaps, and of course everybody’s favorite – Palm Wax.

Palm wax is a superb material for making excellent candles. It resists melting in hot summer months, has high contraction (making de-moulding easier), takes colours easily, holds fragrance well, and best of all, can be easily manipulated to produce an infinite array of surface patterns ranging from complex crystalline designs to smooth solid colours . Palm waxes blend well with other waxes to further expand your possibilities.

Using palm wax is very similar to traditional candle making techniques except there are no additives required other than fragrance and coloring.

The crystal formations that can be achieved are greatly influenced by the pouring temperature and rate of cooling. By adjusting these variables slightly, you can create a wonderful array of crystal formations. The ideal pouring temperature is between 92° and 95° c. Going above the temperature will actually decrease the crystal formations to achieve a smooth solid colour. Pouring below these temperatures may make it harder to de-mold or cause deformations. Aluminum moulds work best for producing crystals as well as slowing the rate of cooling.

Palm candles emit fragrance quite nicely. Usually candle makers will use 5-6% fragrance loads to start for a nicely scented candle that does not “sweat”. Some scents may be used at higher levels, but it is up to the candle maker to push the levels on a case-by-case basis. Essential oils also work well, but they must be tested on an individual basis depending on strength and type of oil.

Colouring your palm candles is achieved with most oil soluble dyes. We suggest trying our dye blocks or concentrated liquid dyes. If using blue shades we recommend using dye blocks as blue based liquid shades produce reactive colour results when fragrance is added and the colour tends to shift away from the crystal structure.. Always start light and gradually go deeper with each colour, so you can master how the contrast affects the colour selection between the darker colors and the lighter candles as compared to the crystalline appearance.

Instructions:

  1. For a small round aluminium mould add 330 gms of wax to a double boiler pot on the stove.  candle-making-temperature-small
  2. When the wax has melted to around 98°C shave some colour into the wax and stirt horoughly.   Keep shaving colour from the block until the desired colour is reached.
  3.  When the wax drops to 96°C add your fragrance and again stir thoroughly.   candle-making-dye-block-small
  4. Push the wick pin up through the centre of the mould and add a little blu-tak around the bottom of the pin to create a better seal.   Warm your mould using a heat gun or place it in the oven briefly.  candle-making-candle-holder-small
  5.  Pour your wax into the mould at 95°C.   candle-making-pouring-small
  6. Place a box over the mould to slow down the cooling process.
  7. Once dry and cool turn the mould upside down and gently press on the wick pin until it pops out of the bottom of the mould.   Pull the wick pin slowly out of the mould and your candle should slide straight out.   Push your pre waxed wick up through the ready made hole in the bottom of the candle.   Make sure you place you candle on a suitable heat proof surface before burning.  candle-making-pin-small
  8.  Cure time is recommended at least 24 hours.candle-making-trim-wick-small
  9. When burning the candle should leave a very thin shell that looks gorgeous.  If your shell is too thick then your wick is too small; adversely if a hole develops in the shell your wick is too big.  Like all candle making palm pillars require individual experimentation.  Different brands of palm, different brands of wicks and also fragrances will cause your candles to perform differently

 

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